In radiation therapy with continuous dose delivery for Gamma Knife® Perfexion™, the dose is delivered while the radiation machine is in movement, as oppose to the conventional step-and-shoot approach which requires the unit to stop before any radiation is delivered. Continuous delivery can increase dose homogeneity and decrease treatment time. To design inverse plans, we first find a path inside the tumor volume, along which the radiation is delivered, and then find the beam durations and shapes using a mixed-integer programming optimization (MIP) model. The MIP model considers various machine-constraints as well as clinical guidelines and constraints.
Radiation therapy is frequently used in diagnosing patients with cancer. Currently, the planning of such treatments is typically done manually which is time-consuming and prone to human error. The new advancements in computational powers and treating units now allow for designing treatment plans automatically.
To design a high-quality treatment, we select the beams sizes, positions, and shapes using optimization models and approximation algorithms. The optimization models are designed to deliver an appropriate amount of dose to the tumor volume while simultaneously avoiding sensitive healthy tissues. In this project, we work on finding the best beam positions for the radiation focal points for Gamma Knife® Perfexion™, using quadratic programming and algorithms such as grassfire and sphere-packing.